Glaucoma

Glaucoma Treatment in Charleston

Lifestyle and Glaucoma

Glaucoma is often called the “sneak thief of sight” because it usually has no symptoms and can literally steal your vision before you know it. This disease affects about 3 million Americans and 67 million people worldwide. It is a leading cause of blindness in the United States, particularly among the elderly population. If you are seeking a glaucoma doctor in South Carolina please feel free to read more about the various types of glaucoma and inquire with our practice regarding treatment options and what living with glaucoma will entail.

 

Types of Glaucoma

Chronic open-angle glaucoma, Congenital Glaucoma, Secondary Glaucoma, Chronic angle-closure glaucoma, Angle-closure glaucoma.

Not every type of Glaucoma is the same or will have the same impact on your life. If you have been diagnosed with Glaucoma please make sure to familiarize yourself with the different types of glaucoma listed below. The South Carolina glaucoma specialists at Carolina Cataract & Laser Center are happy to provide additional information regarding your specific type of glaucoma and what this will mean to your life.

Chronic open-angle Glaucoma

This is the most common type of glaucoma. The drainage angle, where the fluids in the eye drain, is open, but working less efficiently. The inability to drain causes pressure within the eye to rise, which results in a gradual loss of side-vision. This can be likened to an air filter, which gathers dust over time & eventually becomes too laden with dust to work properly.

Angle-closure Glaucoma

This type of glaucoma occurs when the drainage angle is completely blocked, often by the iris. This prevents any fluid to drain from the eye & causes the pressure within the eye to suddenly rise. This extreme rise in pressure causes blurred vision, headaches, severe eye pain as well as the appearance of halos around lights.

Chronic angle-closure Glaucoma

This is painless and more gradual closing of the drainage angle, which occurs most frequently in people of African or Asian descent.

Secondary Glaucoma

This type of glaucoma progresses very much like chronic open-angle glaucoma. It occurs when scar tissue blocks the drainage angle. The first symptom is loss of side-vision.

Congenital Glaucoma

This is a birth defect, which affects the drainage angle. To prevent blindness, this condition must be treated shortly after birth. Symptoms include enlarged eyes, a cloudy cornea, light sensitivity and excessive tearing.

 

Preventative Measures

Lifestyle is definitely related to an increased risk for glaucoma. Blood pressure is a cause of increasing intraocular pressure (IOP) and has been implicated in glaucoma risk. Obesity, or being overweight, is also a risk for elevated intraocular pressures. Patients can reduce these lifestyle risks by maintaining an ideal body weight, blood pressure and developing an exercise plan to stay healthy.

 

Treatment Options

Glaucoma SLT Therapy

SLT, or ‘Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty’, is the use of a laser to treat glaucoma by reducing the pressure in the eye. Read more about SLTs in the following web site: http://www.glaucomaslt.com/faqs

Medication management

A large percentage of glaucoma patients are successfully treated with the use of medication eye drops to manage the pressures in the eye. Successful management of eye pressure can greatly reduce the risk factors for glaucoma related blindness in patients.

iStent

Carolina Cataract & Laser Center surgeon Millin C. Budev, MD, is now offering Glaucoma patients the iStent device to reduce the need for drops in the management of Glaucoma. iStent is the first MIGS device that improves your eye’s natural fluid outflow to safely lower eye pressure by creating a permanent opening in the trabecular meshwork.

Proven safe and effective, the iStent Trabecular Micro-Bypass:

· Is safely implanted during cataract surgery
· Spares important eye tissue that is often damaged by traditional surgeries
· Does not limit treatment options that could help maintain your vision in the future

See Glaukos.com for more information.

It is critical that Glaucoma patients receive ongoing treatment to prevent vision loss. Millin C. Budev, MD offers both medical and surgical treatment options for Glaucoma patients including SLT, medication management and the iStent implantation. If you or a loved one has been diagnosed with Glaucoma, preventative maintenance is critical to preserving vision. See your regular eye doctor for an annual eye exam or call to schedule an appointment with Millin C. Budev, MD today at (843) 797-3676.