Cataract is the leading cause of blindness in the world, but fortunately it is correctable. It is the most common surgery for Americans over the age of 65. 95% of people 85 years old have cataracts. Almost 50% of people 65 have a developing cataract.
- AGING – actually when our vision starts to require glasses for reading the cataract process is beginning but takes 20 plus years to form. Lifestyle can slow it down, see lifestyle
- FROM BIRTH – This can be genetic or from infections while in the womb
- TRAUMATIC – severe injuries to the eye can cause a cataract to form
- OXIDATION STRESSES – UV radiation,” therapeutic” radiation, medication, and toxic chemicals Lifestyle again is preventive.
Cataracts are the leading cause of visual loss in adults age 55 and older. A cataract is a clouding of the natural lens inside your eye. This lens is a clear, disc-shaped structure located behind the iris (the colored portion of the eye). The human lens acts much like the lens in a camera, focusing the images on the retina of the eye. The retina then transfers the visual image to the brain, which permits vision.
When a cataract develops, the lens becomes opaque or cloudy and vision may become impaired. Cataracts are most often a result of aging although anyone can get them. When the lens becomes cloudy and causes vision loss great enough to interfere with normal daily activities, surgical removal is required to improve vision.
- a painless blurring of vision;
- light sensitivity
- poor night vision
- double vision in one eye
- needing a brighter light to read
- colors looking faded or yellow
The cloudiness and pattern of a cataract can vary. If the cloudiness is to the side of your field of vision, you may not be aware that you have a cataract.
There are many misconceptions about cataracts. A cataract is not a film over the eye and does not spread from one eye to the other. How quickly a cataract progresses varies among individuals and may even differ between the two eyes. Most age-related cataracts progress gradually over a period of years.
Surgery is the only way to cure a cataract. Cataract surgery can be performed when your vision needs require it. During cataract surgery your cloudy lens is removed from the eye and replaced with a permanent intraocular lens. New technology and surgical advancements have made cataract surgery a painless, outpatient procedure. Exciting new lens offerings provide options to patients as well, allowing cataract patients to see well at all distances without the help of glasses, bifocals or reading glasses.
Cataract removal by David Vroman, MD, Millin Budev, MD or Kristiana Neff, MD at Carolina Cataract & Laser Center is handled through a relatively easy, outpatient surgical procedure at a local surgery facility. Your surgeon will work with you to evaluate your cataract, discuss recommended treatment options and to schedule surgery if needed.
If you, or a loved one, is over the age of 55, experiencing decreased or blurry vision and would like to receive a cataract evaluation, please call to schedule an appointment at (843) 797.3676.
Dr Budev is a board certified ophthalmic surgeon specializing in cataract and refractive surgery and glaucoma management. Dr Budev's interests in providing options for patients desiring spectacle independence have positioned him as one of the leading premium lens surgeons in the area.
Dr Vroman's clinical interests and responsibilities include refractive and cataract surgery, corneal transplantation and external diseases of the eye.He earned the Achievement Award from the Academy of Opthalmology in 2005 and has been voted among 'Best Doctors in America' since 2005.
Dr Neff is a board certified ophthalmic surgeon specializing in corneal and ocular surface disease, cataracts and refractive surgery. She has been recognized by "Best Doctors in America" and has been elected into several honor societies including Alpha Omega Alpha.